Annotating Linguistic Reference in the New Testament

Sean Boisen <[myfirstname]@logos.com>

Joint work with Steve Runge and Peter Venable

BibleTech:2010, San Jose, CA March 27 2010

Presentation URL: http://semanticbible.org/other/talks/2010/BibleTech-NTReferents/BibleTech-NTReferents.html





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Outline

The Problem

The Problem Explicated (1)

How many times is Jesus mentioned in John 1:1-18 (prologue)?

1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made. 4 In him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5 The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it. 6 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. 7 He came as a witness, to bear witness about the light, that all might believe through him. 8 He was not the light, but came to bear witness about the light. 9 The true light, which enlightens everyone, was coming into the world. 10 He was in the world, and the world was made through him, yet the world did not know him. 11 He came to his own, and his own people did not receive him. 12 But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, 13 who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God. 14 And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth. 15 (John bore witness about him, and cried out, “This was he of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me ranks before me, because he was before me.’ ”) 16 And from his fullness we have all received, grace upon grace. 17 For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. 18 No one has ever seen God; the only God, who is at the Father’s side, he has made him known.

The Problem Explicated (2)

How many times is Mary (the mother of Jesus) mentioned in John 2:1-12 (the wedding at Cana)?

The Problem Explicated (3)

How many times is Jesus mentioned in Mark 6:30-44 (the feeding of the five thousand)?

The Problem Explicated (4)

Where in the Gospels is it said that Jesus "had compassion" on someone?

verses in the Gospels mentioning 'compassion'

The Deeper Problem

Linguistic Analysis and Biblical Interpretation


illustration of layered linguistic analysis applied to Biblical interpretation

Linguistic Analysis and Biblical Interpretation (2)

illustration of layered linguistic analysis applied to Biblical interpretation

The Missing Piece: Referential Semantics

NT Referents

Annotating Referents

Annotating Referents (2)

Annotation Tool

example of the annotation tool

When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.” (Jn 2.3)

Incorporating Entities into the BK

Non-Specific Expressions

Semantic Interpretation Rules

Semantic Interpretation Example

syntax terminal semantics phrasal semantics phrasal semantics

When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.” (Jn 2.3)

Use Cases

Example Clausal Semantics

#GodTheFather "give" ...

Direct ObjectIndirect ObjectReferenceDirect ObjectIndirect ObjectReference
#GodTheSpirit#Church.11Eph 1.17$love#addresseeOfJohn #John.51Jn 3.1
#Jesus#Crowd.41Jn 6.32$mightyDeed#JesusJn 5.36
#personJesus#JesusJn 6.37$revelation#JesusRev 1.1
$body$seed1Cor 15.38$spiritPersonal#IsraelHouseRom 11.8
$command#JesusJn 12.49$spiritPersonal#Paul #Timothy2Tim 1.7
$cup#JesusJn 18.11$throne#JesusLuk 1.32
$eternalLife#addresseeOfJohn #John.51Jn 5.11

Example Clausal Semantics (2)

#Jesus "give" ...

Direct ObjectIndirect ObjectReferenceDirect ObjectIndirect ObjectReference
$authority#Paul2Cor 13.10$statement#DisciplesJn 17.14
$eternalLife#Crowd.41Jn 6.27$statement#PilateJn 19.9
$eternalLife#personJesusJn 10.28$water#personJesusJn 4.14
$splendor#Disciples #believerJn 17.22$wisdom $statement#DisciplesLuk 21.15

Status

Conclusions

Resources and References

About This Presentation

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